Description

Attracting butterflies to landscapes can be one of our most fulfilling garden experiences, and one that embraces the concept of diversity. This list includes more than 30 plants that provide nectar and larval value to butterflies. It has been compiled from a number of sources and shows a broad range of plants from trees and shrubs to vines and perennials that are of benefit to butterflies. Not all of the associations between plants and butterflies are perfectly understood, and this list suggests that many other species can be added.

The objective of attracting butterflies and sustaining their larvae not only encourages planting diversity, but the avoidance of chemicals and excessive deadheading and cutting of perennials. These practices are consistent with naturalized gardens and the combination of California native and recognized butterfly plants. These plants have different exposure and moisture needs and are widely adapted to gardens and landscapes within the Inland Empire.

Plant List

Trees

Chaste tree

Botanical Name: Vitex agnus-castus
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Coast live oak

Botanical Name: Quercus agrifolia
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 70 ft.

Cork oak

Botanical Name: Quercus suber
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 50 ft.

Desert willow + cvs

Botanical Name: Chilopsis linearis
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 40 ft.

Eastern redbud

Botanical Name: Cercis canadensis
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 25 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Engelmann oak

Botanical Name: Quercus engelmannii
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 60 ft.

Holly oak, Holm oak

Botanical Name: Quercus ilex
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 60 ft.

Island oak

Botanical Name: Quercus tomentella
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Pink chitalpa

Botanical Name: x Chitalpa tashkentensis 'Pink Dawn'
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Purple-leaved eastern redbud

Botanical Name: Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy'
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 25 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Western sycamore

Botanical Name: Platanus racemosa
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

Shrubs

Allen Chickering sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Allen Chickering'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Ashyleaf buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum cinereum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Autumn sage + cvs

Botanical Name: Salvia greggii
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Baja fairy duster

Botanical Name: Calliandra californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Bee’s Bliss sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Bee's Bliss'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft.

Black dalea + cv

Botanical Name: Dalea frutescens
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Black sage

Botanical Name: Salvia mellifera
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Bladderpod

Botanical Name: Isomeris arborea
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Blue mist + cvs

Botanical Name: Caryopteris x clandonensis
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Broom baccharis

Botanical Name: Baccharis sarothroides
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Butterfly bush + cvs

Botanical Name: Buddleja davidii
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

California bush sunflower + cvs

Botanical Name: Encelia californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Canary Island sage

Botanical Name: Salvia canariensis
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 10 ft.

Cape plumbago

Botanical Name: Plumbago auriculata
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Catalina Cherry

Botanical Name: Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 45 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Chaparral currant

Botanical Name: Ribes malvaceum
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Cliff buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum parvifolium
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Coffeeberry + cvs

Botanical Name: Rhamnus californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Common buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum fasciculatum
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Concha wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Concha'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 9 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Coyote brush

Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Creeping barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis repens
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Creeping mountain lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Creeping rosemary

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 24 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Dark Star wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Dark Star'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Desert lavender

Botanical Name: Hyptis emoryi
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height:   Width:

English lavender

Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Evergreen currant

Botanical Name: Ribes viburnifolium
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Feathery cassia

Botanical Name: Senna artemisioides
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Flannel bush

Botanical Name: Fremontodendron 'California Glory'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Fuchsia-flowered gooseberry

Botanical Name: Ribes speciosum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Germander sage

Botanical Name: Salvia chamaedryoides
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Golden Abundance barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis 'Golden Abundance'
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Golden currant

Botanical Name: Ribes aureum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Hollyleaf cherry

Botanical Name: Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 30 ft.

Incienso, Brittlebush

Botanical Name: Encelia farinosa
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Lantana + cvs

Botanical Name: Lantana camara
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Lemonade berry

Botanical Name: Rhus integrifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft.   Width: 25 ft.

Lion’s tail

Botanical Name: Leonotis leonurus
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Mexican bush sage + cvs

Botanical Name: Salvia leucantha
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Mountain marigold

Botanical Name: Tagetes lemmonii
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Mrs. Beard sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Mrs. Beard'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Nevin’s barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis nevinii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

New Gold lantana

Botanical Name: Lantana x 'New Gold'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Oregon grape

Botanical Name: Berberis aquifolium 'Compacta'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Pigeon Point Coyote brush

Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis 'Pigeon Point'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Pink fairy duster

Botanical Name: Calliandra eriophylla
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Pink-flowering sumac

Botanical Name: Rhus lentii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Point Sal purple sage

Botanical Name: Salvia leucophylla 'Point Sal Spreader'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Pomegranate + cvs

Botanical Name: Punica granatum
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 20 ft.

Pozo Blue sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Pozo Blue'
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Pride of Madeira + cv

Botanical Name: Echium candicans
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Ray Hartman wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Red bird of paradise

Botanical Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Red flowering currant

Botanical Name: Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Redberry

Botanical Name: Rhamnus crocea
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Rosemary + cvs

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Santa Cruz Island buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum arborescens
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Santa Rosa Island sage

Botanical Name: Salvia brandegeei
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Silver bush lupine

Botanical Name: Lupinus albifrons
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Silvery cassia

Botanical Name: Senna phyllodinea
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Small leaf mountain lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Spanish lavender + cvs

Botanical Name: Lavandula stoechas
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

St. Catherine’s lace

Botanical Name: Eriogonum giganteum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Sticky monkey flower

Botanical Name: Mimulus aurantiacus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Sugar bush

Botanical Name: Rhus ovata
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Texas ranger + cvs

Botanical Name: Leucophyllum frutescens
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 8 ft.

Theodore Payne buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Theodore Payne'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Toyon

Botanical Name: Heteromeles arbutifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Trailing indigo bush

Botanical Name: Dalea greggii
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 10 ft.

Trailing lantana

Botanical Name: Lantana montevidensis
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 10 ft.

Western redbud

Botanical Name: Cercis occidentalis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

White sage

Botanical Name: Salvia apiana
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Winifred Gilman sage

Botanical Name: Salvia clevelandii 'Winifred Gilman'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Yankee Point wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. griseus 'Yankee Point'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Vines

Chaparral clematis

Botanical Name: Clematis lasiantha
Plant Type: Vine
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Perennials and Grasses

Alkalai sacaton

Botanical Name: Sporobolus airoides
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 4 ft.

Beach aster, Seaside daisy + cvs

Botanical Name: Erigeron glaucus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 10 in. - 12 in.   Width: 24 in.

Blanket flower

Botanical Name: Gaillardia x grandiflora
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Blood flower + cv

Botanical Name: Asclepias curassavica
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Blue grama

Botanical Name: Bouteloua gracilis
Plant Type: Grass
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 12 in.

California fescue

Botanical Name: Festuca californica
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Partial sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Catmint

Botanical Name: Nepeta x faassenii
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Common yarrow + cvs

Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Desert mallow

Botanical Name: Sphaeralcea ambigua
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Desert Marigold

Botanical Name: Baileya multiradiata
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Desert Milkweed

Botanical Name: Asclepias subulata
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Desert mint

Botanical Name: Monardella odoratissima
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 1 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Firecracker penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon eatonii
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Garden sage + cvs

Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure:
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Gaura + cvs

Botanical Name: Gaura lindheimeri
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Grape soda lupine

Botanical Name: Lupinus excubitus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Hummingbird mint species + cvs

Botanical Name: Agastache
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Hummingbird sage

Botanical Name: Salvia spathacea
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Lamb’s ear

Botanical Name: Stachys byzantina
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Lilac verbena

Botanical Name: Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina'
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Margarita foothill penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon heterophyllus 'Margarita BOP'
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Mexican daisy

Botanical Name: Erigeron karvinskianus
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 20 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Moonshine yarrow

Botanical Name: Achillea 'Moonshine'
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Narrow leaf milkweed

Botanical Name: Asclepias fascicularis
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Purple garden sage

Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis 'Purpurescens'
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Purpletop vervain

Botanical Name: Verbena bonariensis
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Red buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Russian sage

Botanical Name: Perovskia atriplicifolia
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Saffron buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum crocatum
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Sandpaper verbena

Botanical Name: Verbena rigida
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Scarlet bugler

Botanical Name: Penstemon centranthifolius
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Showy penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon spectabilis
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Silver carpet aster

Botanical Name: Lessingia filaginifolia 'Silver Carpet'
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Sulphur buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum umbellatum
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 36 in.

Sundrops

Botanical Name: Calylophus berlandieri
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Wild rye

Botanical Name: Leymus condensatus 'Canyon Prince'
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Yuccas and Succulents

Beaked yucca

Botanical Name: Yucca rostrata
Plant Type: Yucca
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Indian fig

Botanical Name: Opuntia ficus-indica
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 18 ft.

Our Lord’s candle

Botanical Name: Hesperoyucca whipplei
Plant Type: Yucca, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 6 ft.