Description

Attracting butterflies to landscapes can be one of our most fulfilling garden experiences, and one that embraces the concept of diversity. This list includes more than 30 plants that provide nectar and larval value to butterflies. It has been compiled from a number of sources and shows a broad range of plants from trees and shrubs to vines and perennials that are of benefit to butterflies. Not all of the associations between plants and butterflies are perfectly understood, and this list suggests that many other species can be added.

The objective of attracting butterflies and sustaining their larvae not only encourages planting diversity, but the avoidance of chemicals and excessive deadheading and cutting of perennials. These practices are consistent with naturalized gardens and the combination of California native and recognized butterfly plants. These plants have different exposure and moisture needs and are widely adapted to gardens and landscapes within the Inland Empire.

Plant List

Trees

Cercis canadensis

Common Name: Eastern redbud
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 25 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Cercis canadensis ‘Forest Pansy’

Common Name: Purple-leaved eastern redbud
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 25 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Chilopsis linearis + cvs

Common Name: Desert willow
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 40 ft.

Platanus racemosa

Common Name: Western sycamore
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

Quercus agrifolia

Common Name: Coast live oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 70 ft.

Quercus engelmannii

Common Name: Engelmann oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 60 ft.

Quercus ilex

Common Name: Holly oak, Holm oak
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 60 ft.

Quercus suber

Common Name: Cork oak
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 50 ft.

Quercus tomentella

Common Name: Island oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Vitex agnus-castus

Common Name: Chaste tree
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Shrubs

Baccharis pilularis

Common Name: Coyote brush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’

Common Name: Pigeon Point Coyote brush
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Baccharis sarothroides

Common Name: Broom baccharis
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Berberis ‘Golden Abundance’

Common Name: Golden Abundance barberry
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Berberis aquifolium ‘Compacta’

Common Name: Oregon grape
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Berberis nevinii

Common Name: Nevin's barberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Berberis repens

Common Name: Creeping barberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Buddleja davidii + cvs

Common Name: Butterfly bush
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Common Name: Red bird of paradise
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Calliandra californica

Common Name: Baja fairy duster
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Calliandra eriophylla

Common Name: Pink fairy duster
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Caryopteris x clandonensis + cvs

Common Name: Blue mist
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Concha’

Common Name: Concha wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 9 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Dark Star’

Common Name: Dark Star wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Joyce Coulter’

Common Name: Creeping mountain lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Julia Phelps’

Common Name: Small leaf mountain lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’

Common Name: Ray Hartman wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Cercis occidentalis

Common Name: Western redbud
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Dalea frutescens + cv

Common Name: Black dalea
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Dalea greggii

Common Name: Trailing indigo bush
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 10 ft.

Echium candicans + cv

Common Name: Pride of Madeira
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Encelia californica + cvs

Common Name: California bush sunflower
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Encelia farinosa

Common Name: Incienso, Brittlebush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Eriogonum arborescens

Common Name: Santa Cruz Island buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Eriogonum cinereum

Common Name: Ashyleaf buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Eriogonum fasciculatum

Common Name: Common buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Eriogonum giganteum

Common Name: St. Catherine's lace
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Eriogonum parvifolium

Common Name: Cliff buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Common Name: Toyon
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Hyptis emoryi

Common Name: Desert lavender
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height:   Width:

Isomeris arborea

Common Name: Bladderpod
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Lantana camara + cvs

Common Name: Lantana
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Lantana montevidensis

Common Name: Trailing lantana
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 10 ft.

Lantana x ‘New Gold’

Common Name: New Gold lantana
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Lavandula stoechas + cvs

Common Name: Spanish lavender
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Leonotis leonurus

Common Name: Lion's tail
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Leucophyllum frutescens + cvs

Common Name: Texas ranger
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 8 ft.

Lupinus albifrons

Common Name: Silver bush lupine
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Mimulus aurantiacus

Common Name: Sticky monkey flower
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Plumbago auriculata

Common Name: Cape plumbago
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia

Common Name: Hollyleaf cherry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 30 ft.

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii

Common Name: Catalina Cherry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 45 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Punica granatum + cvs

Common Name: Pomegranate
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 20 ft.

Rhamnus californica + cvs

Common Name: Coffeeberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Rhamnus crocea

Common Name: Redberry
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Rhus integrifolia

Common Name: Lemonade berry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft.   Width: 25 ft.

Rhus lentii

Common Name: Pink-flowering sumac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Rhus ovata

Common Name: Sugar bush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Ribes aureum

Common Name: Golden currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Ribes malvaceum

Common Name: Chaparral currant
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum

Common Name: Red flowering currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Ribes speciosum

Common Name: Fuchsia-flowered gooseberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Ribes viburnifolium

Common Name: Evergreen currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Rosmarinus officinalis + cvs

Common Name: Rosemary
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Salvia ‘Allen Chickering’

Common Name: Allen Chickering sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia ‘Bee’s Bliss’

Common Name: Bee's Bliss sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft.

Salvia ‘Mrs. Beard’

Common Name: Mrs. Beard sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Salvia ‘Pozo Blue’

Common Name: Pozo Blue sage
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia apiana

Common Name: White sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Salvia brandegeei

Common Name: Santa Rosa Island sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Salvia canariensis

Common Name: Canary Island sage
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 10 ft.

Salvia chamaedryoides

Common Name: Germander sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia greggii + cvs

Common Name: Autumn sage
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia leucantha + cvs

Common Name: Mexican bush sage
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Salvia mellifera

Common Name: Black sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Senna artemisioides

Common Name: Feathery cassia
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Senna phyllodinea

Common Name: Silvery cassia
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Tagetes lemmonii

Common Name: Mountain marigold
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Vines

Clematis lasiantha

Common Name: Chaparral clematis
Plant Type: Vine
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Perennials and Grasses

Achillea ‘Moonshine’

Common Name: Moonshine yarrow
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Achillea millefolium + cvs

Common Name: Common yarrow
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Agastache species + cvs

Common Name: Hummingbird mint
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Asclepias curassavica + cv

Common Name: Blood flower
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Asclepias fascicularis

Common Name: Narrow leaf milkweed
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Asclepias subulata

Common Name: Desert Milkweed
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Baileya multiradiata

Common Name: Desert Marigold
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Bouteloua gracilis

Common Name: Blue grama
Plant Type: Grass
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 12 in.

Calylophus berlandieri

Common Name: Sundrops
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Erigeron glaucus + cvs

Common Name: Beach aster, Seaside daisy
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 10 in. - 12 in.   Width: 24 in.

Erigeron karvinskianus

Common Name: Mexican daisy
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 20 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Eriogonum crocatum

Common Name: Saffron buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Eriogonum grande var. rubescens

Common Name: Red buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Eriogonum umbellatum

Common Name: Sulphur buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 36 in.

Festuca californica

Common Name: California fescue
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Partial sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Gaillardia x grandiflora

Common Name: Blanket flower
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Gaura lindheimeri + cvs

Common Name: Gaura
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Lupinus excubitus

Common Name: Grape soda lupine
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Monardella odoratissima

Common Name: Desert mint
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 1 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Nepeta x faassenii

Common Name: Catmint
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Penstemon centranthifolius

Common Name: Scarlet bugler
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Penstemon eatonii

Common Name: Firecracker penstemon
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Penstemon spectabilis

Common Name: Showy penstemon
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Perovskia atriplicifolia

Common Name: Russian sage
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia officinalis ‘Purpurescens’

Common Name: Purple garden sage
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Salvia officinalis + cvs

Common Name: Garden sage
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure:
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Salvia spathacea

Common Name: Hummingbird sage
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Sphaeralcea ambigua

Common Name: Desert mallow
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Sporobolus airoides

Common Name: Alkalai sacaton
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 4 ft.

Stachys byzantina

Common Name: Lamb's ear
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Verbena bonariensis

Common Name: Purpletop vervain
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Verbena lilacina ‘De La Mina’

Common Name: Lilac verbena
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Verbena rigida

Common Name: Sandpaper verbena
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Yuccas and Succulents

Hesperoyucca whipplei

Common Name: Our Lord's candle
Plant Type: Yucca, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Opuntia ficus-indica

Common Name: Indian fig
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 18 ft.

Yucca rostrata

Common Name: Beaked yucca
Plant Type: Yucca
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 6 ft.