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Indian hawthorns are among the most popular and widely planted flowering shrubs throughout the Inland Empire. They are easy to grow, reliable and long-lived. These qualities are greatly appreciated in both residential and commercial gardens and landscapes.

Many cultivars of Indian hawthorn have become available from nurseries over the years; some are large and robust while others are petite. They are characterized by dark green leaves and heavy springtime flowering performance. Depending upon the cultivar, flowers range in color from white to light pink; some plants produce small purple-black berries.

Indian hawthorns are used in many ways including slopes and banks, borders, containers, patio trees and a clipped hedges. They grow best in sunny locations with regular moisture throughout the year, and are adapted to many soil conditions. Some popular cultivars include: R. i. 'Ballerina' is a compact cultivar that grows 2-3 ft. high and has deep pink flowers; R. i. 'Clara' mounds 3-5 ft. high and 5-6 ft. wide and produces white flowers; R. i. 'Springtime' is a robust shrub 5-8 ft. high and as wide and has clear pink flowers.

Water Needs

All species and cultivars of Indian hawthorn grow well in sunny locations with normal winter rainfall and periodic summer water. The chart below provides a baseline irrigation schedule for this species. It should be noted there are several winter months marked by an asterisk (*) when rains can provide sufficient moisture and irrigation is not needed. The high and low range of moisture indicates it can grow with varying amounts of water; higher amounts of water within this range will result in stronger springtime flowering performance and summer foliage character.

Irrigation Schedule and Graph

Moderate Water Use Plants

Irrigation Schedule 4

  Jan* Feb* Mar* Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov* Dec*
Runs per Month 0x to 3x 0x to 3x 0x to 3x 2x to 3x 2x to 3x 3x to 4x 3x to 4x 3x to 4x 2x to 3x 2x to 3x 0x to 3x 0x to 3x
Inches per Run 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1"
Inches per Month 0" to 3" 0" to 3" 0" to 3" 2" to 3" 2" to 3" 3" to 4" 3" to 4" 3" to 4" 2" to 3" 2" to 3" 0" to 3" 0" to 3"

Range of supplemental summer water: 17"-24"
Range of supplemental winter water: 0"-15"

  Jan* Feb* Mar* Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov* Dec*
For more information on how to use this Irrigation Schedule and Graph, follow this link.

For information how to calculate your irrigation system’s schedule and precipitation rate, please follow this link.

Plant Properties

Plant Type: Shrub
Foliage Character: Evergreen
Habit: Mounding, Dense
Growth Rate: Moderate
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.
Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Foliage Color: Dark green
Flower Color: Pink, White
Flower Season: Spring
Soil Adaptations: Well-draining soil, Silt, Loam, Clay
Exposure Adaptations: Morning sun, Frost, Aridity, All day sun, Partial sun
Function: Screening, Raised planters, Parks and open space, Mass planting, Foundations, Flowering accent plant, Civic spaces, Banks, Background plant, Hedge


Can be pruned to shape, maintain size, or as a hedge. Major pruning is best done after spring flowering (D).



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