Description

A remarkable variety of agaves, cacti and succulents are grown in Inland Empire gardens and landscapes where they are valued in many roles. These are often special interest plants that mature into stately specimens with striking character. They can also be effectively displayed in pots and raised planters where they add sculptural and artistic interest in courtyards and specialty plantings. Some 50 plants are included in this list that are popular garden choices.

Many of these plants are well adapted to heat, aridity and summer drought. They do best in loose, fast draining soils. Many are among the best choices for use in containers and for low maintenance plantings. All are easily suited to Mediterranean and southwestern style gardens where the can be sustained with low to very low amounts of supplemental water throughout the summer. They are often placed on banks and mounds in combination with boulders and stone. Decomposed granite and pea gravel is often used to cover the soil and to complement the character of these plants.

Plant List

Agaves, Dasylirions and Yuccas

Artichoke agave + var

Botanical Name: Agave parryi
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Beaked yucca

Botanical Name: Yucca rostrata
Plant Type: Yucca
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Blue Flame agave

Botanical Name: Agave 'Blue Flame'
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Blue fox tail agave

Botanical Name: Agave attenuata 'Boutin Blue'
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Blue Glow agave

Botanical Name: Agave 'Blue Glow'
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 20 in.   Width: 18 in. - 20 in.

Desert spoon

Botanical Name: Dasylirion wheeleri
Plant Type: Yucca
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 7 ft.

Fox tail agave

Botanical Name: Agave attenuata
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Mexican grass tree

Botanical Name: Dasylirion quadrangulatum
Plant Type: Yucca
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Octopus agave

Botanical Name: Agave vilmoriniana
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Our Lord’s candle

Botanical Name: Hesperoyucca whipplei
Plant Type: Yucca, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Queen Victoria agave

Botanical Name: Agave victoriae-reginae
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Spider agave

Botanical Name: Agave bracteosa
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

White-striped century plant

Botanical Name: Agave americana 'Mediopicta Alba'
Plant Type: Agave
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Aloes

Blue Elf aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe 'Blue Elf'
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 in. - 18 in.   Width: 24 in.

Coral aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe striata
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 24 in.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Fan aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe plicatilis
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Golden toothed aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe x nobilis
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 24 in. - 30 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Medicinal aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe vera
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Torch aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe arborescens
Plant Type: Aloe
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Tree aloe

Botanical Name: Aloe barberae
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Cacti

Apple cactus

Botanical Name: Cereus peruvianus
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Golden barrel cactus

Botanical Name: Echinocactus grusonii
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Indian fig

Botanical Name: Opuntia ficus-indica
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 18 ft.

Prickly pear, Nopal

Botanical Name: Opuntia robusta
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 15 ft.

Purple prickly pear

Botanical Name: Opuntia violacea var. santa rita
Plant Type: Cacti
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Succulents

Afterglow echeveria

Botanical Name: Echeveria 'Afterglow'
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun
Height: 6 in. - 8 in.   Width: 10 in. - 12 in.

Black rose aeonium

Botanical Name: Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop'
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Blue chalksticks

Botanical Name: Senecio serpens
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 8 in.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Blue finger

Botanical Name: Senecio talinoides ssp. mandraliscae
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Blue rose echeveria

Botanical Name: Echeveria imbricata
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Candelabra tree

Botanical Name: Euphorbia ingens
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 15 ft.

Coppertone stonecrop

Botanical Name: Sedum nussbaumerianum
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 18 in.

Dudleya species

Botanical Name: Dudleya
Plant Type: Succulent, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Elephant food

Botanical Name: Portulacaria afra
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Felt plant

Botanical Name: Kalanchoe beharensis
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Flapjack plant

Botanical Name: Kalanchoe luciae
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Ghost plant

Botanical Name: Graptopetalum paraguayense
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Haworth aeonium

Botanical Name: Aeonium haworthii
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Jade plant + cvs

Botanical Name: Crassula ovata
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 9 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Kiwi aeonium

Botanical Name: Aeonium 'Kiwi'
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Lady’s slipper

Botanical Name: Pedilanthus macrocarpus
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Pork and beans

Botanical Name: Sedum x rubrotinctum
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 8 in.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

Propeller plant

Botanical Name: Crassula perfoliata var. falcata
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Rock purslane

Botanical Name: Cistanthe grandiflora
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 12 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Silver dollar plant

Botanical Name: Crassula arborescens
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Sticks on Fire

Botanical Name: Euphorbia tirucalli 'Sticks on Fire'
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 4 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Sunburst aeonium

Botanical Name: Aeonium 'Sunburst'
Plant Type: Succulent
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Ice Plants

Orange ice plant

Botanical Name: Lampranthus aurantiacus
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent, Iceplant
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 18 in.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Pink ice plant

Botanical Name: Lampranthus deltoides
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent, Iceplant
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 in. - 12 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Purple ice plant

Botanical Name: Lampranthus productus
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent, Iceplant
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 18 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Rosea ice plant

Botanical Name: Drosanthemum floribundum
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent, Iceplant
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 in. - 6 in.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

White trailing ice plant

Botanical Name: Delosperma 'Alba'
Plant Type: Ground cover, Succulent, Iceplant
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.