Description

California's native flora is widely celebrated and renowned for its abundance and diversity which is largely due to our climate and varied geology, physiography and soils. This list of plants includes over 100 popular California native species and cultivars that can be grown across the Inland Empire. Many of these plants are organized into garden styles and helpful lists to assist in making good planting choices for beautiful, water conserving gardens.

As you review these plants it is important to remember: (1) The water needs of natives varies; some are adapted to low amounts of water while others do best with moderate moisture. (2) Native plants need care and maintenance. Mulching, weeding, seasonal pruning and replacement are important practices for any garden. (3) Most gardens have a variety of microclimate and moisture conditions as well as many sizes of spaces and activities. Creating a diverse planting palette is encouraged as a means to achieve both beauty and to find plants that fit soil, moisture and microclimate conditions.

Plant List

Trees and Palms

Acacia farnesiana

Common Name: Sweet acacia
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Calocedrus decurrens

Common Name: Incense cedar
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 20 ft.

Chilopsis linearis + cvs

Common Name: Desert willow
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 40 ft.

Cupressus arizonica + cvs

Common Name: Arizona cypress
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 15 ft.

Cupressus forbesii

Common Name: Tecate cypress
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 15 ft.

Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. asplenifolius

Common Name: Fern-leaf Catalina ironwood
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Lysiloma watsonii

Common Name: Feather bush
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 15 ft.

Parkinsonia x ‘Desert Museum’

Common Name: Desert Museum palo verde
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Pinus torreyana

Common Name: Torrey pine
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 60 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 45 ft.

Platanus racemosa

Common Name: Western sycamore
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

Quercus agrifolia

Common Name: Coast live oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 70 ft.

Quercus engelmannii

Common Name: Engelmann oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 60 ft.

Quercus tomentella

Common Name: Island oak
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Umbellularia californica

Common Name: California bay
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

Washingtonia filifera

Common Name: California fan palm
Plant Type: Palm, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Shrubs

Abutilon palmeri

Common Name: Indian mallow
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Arctostaphylos ‘Howard McMinn’

Common Name: McMinn manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’

Common Name: Dourley manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Arctostaphylos ‘Lester Rowntree’

Common Name: Lester Rowntree manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Arctostaphylos ‘Sunset’

Common Name: Sunset manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Arctostaphylos bakeri ‘Louis Edmunds’

Common Name: Louis Edmunds manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Arctostaphylos glauca

Common Name: Bigberry manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Artemisia californica

Common Name: California sagebrush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Artemisia californica ‘Montara’

Common Name: Montara sagebrush
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Baccharis pilularis

Common Name: Coyote brush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Baccharis sarothroides

Common Name: Broom baccharis
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Berberis ‘Golden Abundance’

Common Name: Golden Abundance barberry
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Berberis nevinii

Common Name: Nevin's barberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Calycanthus occidentalis

Common Name: Spice bush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Carpenteria californica + cv

Common Name: Bush anemone
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Concha’

Common Name: Concha wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 9 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Dark Star’

Common Name: Dark Star wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Joyce Coulter’

Common Name: Creeping mountain lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Julia Phelps’

Common Name: Small leaf mountain lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’

Common Name: Ray Hartman wild lilac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Cercis occidentalis

Common Name: Western redbud
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Cercocarpus betuloides

Common Name: Western mountain mahogany
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Dendromecon harfordii

Common Name: Island bush poppy
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Encelia californica + cvs

Common Name: California bush sunflower
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Encelia farinosa

Common Name: Incienso, Brittlebush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Eriogonum arborescens

Common Name: Santa Cruz Island buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Eriogonum cinereum

Common Name: Ashyleaf buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Eriogonum fasciculatum

Common Name: Common buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Eriogonum giganteum

Common Name: St. Catherine's lace
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Eriogonum parvifolium

Common Name: Cliff buckwheat
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Fallugia paradoxa

Common Name: Apache plume
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Galvezia juncea

Common Name: Baja bush-snapdragon
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Galvezia speciosa + cv

Common Name: Island snapdragon
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Common Name: Toyon
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Hyptis emoryi

Common Name: Desert lavender
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height:   Width:

Isomeris arborea

Common Name: Bladderpod
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Justicia californica

Common Name: Chuparosa
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Lupinus albifrons

Common Name: Silver bush lupine
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Mimulus aurantiacus

Common Name: Sticky monkey flower
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia

Common Name: Hollyleaf cherry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 30 ft.

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii

Common Name: Catalina Cherry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 45 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Rhamnus californica + cvs

Common Name: Coffeeberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Rhamnus crocea

Common Name: Redberry
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Rhus integrifolia

Common Name: Lemonade berry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft.   Width: 25 ft.

Rhus lentii

Common Name: Pink-flowering sumac
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Rhus ovata

Common Name: Sugar bush
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Ribes aureum

Common Name: Golden currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Ribes malvaceum

Common Name: Chaparral currant
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum

Common Name: Red flowering currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Ribes speciosum

Common Name: Fuchsia-flowered gooseberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Rosa californica

Common Name: California wild rose
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Salvia ‘Allen Chickering’

Common Name: Allen Chickering sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia ‘Pozo Blue’

Common Name: Pozo Blue sage
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Salvia apiana

Common Name: White sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Salvia brandegeei

Common Name: Santa Rosa Island sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Salvia mellifera

Common Name: Black sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Sambucus nigra ssp. mexicana

Common Name: Blue elderberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 25 ft.

Simmondsia chinensis

Common Name: Jojoba, Goatnut
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Trichostema lanatum

Common Name: Woolly blue curls
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Vines

Clematis lasiantha

Common Name: Chaparral clematis
Plant Type: Vine
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Vitis californica + cv

Common Name: California grape
Plant Type: Vine, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 40 ft.

Perennials

Achillea millefolium + cvs

Common Name: Common yarrow
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Armeria maritima

Common Name: Common thrift
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 8 in.   Width: 10 in. - 12 in.

Artemisia pycnocephala

Common Name: Sandhill sage
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 12 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Asclepias fascicularis

Common Name: Narrow leaf milkweed
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Asclepias subulata

Common Name: Desert Milkweed
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Baileya multiradiata

Common Name: Desert Marigold
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Epilobium canum

Common Name: California fuchsia
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Erigeron glaucus + cvs

Common Name: Beach aster, Seaside daisy
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 10 in. - 12 in.   Width: 24 in.

Eriogonum crocatum

Common Name: Saffron buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Eriogonum grande var. rubescens

Common Name: Red buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Eriogonum umbellatum

Common Name: Sulphur buckwheat
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 36 in.

Fragaria vesca

Common Name: California strawberry
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 2 in. - 8 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 6 ft.

Heuchera cultivars

Common Name: Coral bells
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

Heuchera maxima

Common Name: Island alum root
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Iris douglasiana + cvs

Common Name: Douglas iris
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Lepechinia fragrans

Common Name: Fragrant pitcher sage
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Lupinus excubitus

Common Name: Grape soda lupine
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Monardella odoratissima

Common Name: Desert mint
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 1 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Penstemon centranthifolius

Common Name: Scarlet bugler
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Penstemon eatonii

Common Name: Firecracker penstemon
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Penstemon spectabilis

Common Name: Showy penstemon
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Romneya coulteri + cv

Common Name: Matilija poppy
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Salvia spathacea

Common Name: Hummingbird sage
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Sphaeralcea ambigua

Common Name: Desert mallow
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Verbena lilacina ‘De La Mina’

Common Name: Lilac verbena
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Grasses, Rushes and Sedges

Aristida purpurea

Common Name: Purple three-awn
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Bouteloua gracilis

Common Name: Blue grama
Plant Type: Grass
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 12 in.

Carex divulsa

Common Name: Berkeley sedge
Plant Type: Grass, Sedge
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in.   Width: 18 in.

Carex pansa

Common Name: California meadow sedge
Plant Type: Ground cover, Grass, Sedge, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 10 in.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Carex praegracilis

Common Name: Western meadow sedge
Plant Type: Ground cover, Grass, Sedge, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

Festuca californica

Common Name: California fescue
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Partial sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Juncus patens

Common Name: California gray rush
Plant Type: Grass, Rush, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Juncus textilis

Common Name: Basket rush
Plant Type: Grass, Rush, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Muhlenbergia rigens

Common Name: Deer grass
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Nassella pulchra

Common Name: Purple needle grass
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Sporobolus airoides

Common Name: Alkalai sacaton
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 4 ft.

Agaves, Cacti, Dudleyas and Yuccas

Dudleya species

Common Name: Dudleya
Plant Type: Succulent, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Hesperoyucca whipplei

Common Name: Our Lord's candle
Plant Type: Yucca, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Ground Covers

Arctostaphylos ‘Pacific Mist’

Common Name: Pacific Mist manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’

Common Name: Carmel Sur manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in.   Width: 7 ft. - 10 ft.

Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’

Common Name: Monterey Carpet manzanita
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Artemisia californica ‘Canyon Gray’

Common Name: Canyon Gray sagebrush
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 18 in.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’

Common Name: Pigeon Point Coyote brush
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Berberis aquifolium ‘Compacta’

Common Name: Oregon grape
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Berberis repens

Common Name: Creeping barberry
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Iva hayesiana

Common Name: Hayes iva, Poverty weed
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Ribes viburnifolium

Common Name: Evergreen currant
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Salvia ‘Bee’s Bliss’

Common Name: Bee's Bliss sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft.

Salvia ‘Mrs. Beard’

Common Name: Mrs. Beard sage
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.