Description

California's native flora is widely celebrated and renowned for its abundance and diversity which is largely due to our climate and varied geology, physiography and soils. This list of plants includes over 100 popular California native species and cultivars that can be grown across the Inland Empire. Many of these plants are organized into garden styles and helpful lists to assist in making good planting choices for beautiful, water conserving gardens.

As you review these plants it is important to remember: (1) The water needs of natives varies; some are adapted to low amounts of water while others do best with moderate moisture. (2) Native plants need care and maintenance. Mulching, weeding, seasonal pruning and replacement are important practices for any garden. (3) Most gardens have a variety of microclimate and moisture conditions as well as many sizes of spaces and activities. Creating a diverse planting palette is encouraged as a means to achieve both beauty and to find plants that fit soil, moisture and microclimate conditions.

Plant List

Trees and Palms

Arizona cypress + cvs

Botanical Name: Cupressus arizonica
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 15 ft.

California bay

Botanical Name: Umbellularia californica
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

California fan palm

Botanical Name: Washingtonia filifera
Plant Type: Palm, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Coast live oak

Botanical Name: Quercus agrifolia
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 40 ft. - 70 ft.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Desert Museum palo verde

Botanical Name: Parkinsonia x 'Desert Museum'
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Desert willow + cvs

Botanical Name: Chilopsis linearis
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 40 ft.

Engelmann oak

Botanical Name: Quercus engelmannii
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 60 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 60 ft.

Feather bush

Botanical Name: Lysiloma watsonii
Plant Type: Tree
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 15 ft.

Fern-leaf Catalina ironwood

Botanical Name: Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. asplenifolius
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 25 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 25 ft. - 35 ft.

Incense cedar

Botanical Name: Calocedrus decurrens
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 20 ft.

Island oak

Botanical Name: Quercus tomentella
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 35 ft. - 50 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Sweet acacia

Botanical Name: Acacia farnesiana
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Tecate cypress

Botanical Name: Cupressus forbesii
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 20 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 15 ft.

Torrey pine

Botanical Name: Pinus torreyana
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 60 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 45 ft.

Western sycamore

Botanical Name: Platanus racemosa
Plant Type: Tree, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 40 ft. - 80 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 50 ft.

Shrubs

Allen Chickering sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Allen Chickering'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Apache plume

Botanical Name: Fallugia paradoxa
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Ashyleaf buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum cinereum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Baja bush-snapdragon

Botanical Name: Galvezia juncea
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Bigberry manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos glauca
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Black sage

Botanical Name: Salvia mellifera
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Bladderpod

Botanical Name: Isomeris arborea
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Blue elderberry

Botanical Name: Sambucus nigra ssp. mexicana
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 25 ft.

Broom baccharis

Botanical Name: Baccharis sarothroides
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Bush anemone + cv

Botanical Name: Carpenteria californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

California bush sunflower + cvs

Botanical Name: Encelia californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

California sagebrush

Botanical Name: Artemisia californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

California wild rose

Botanical Name: Rosa californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 3 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Catalina Cherry

Botanical Name: Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 30 ft. - 45 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 30 ft.

Chaparral currant

Botanical Name: Ribes malvaceum
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Chuparosa

Botanical Name: Justicia californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Cliff buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum parvifolium
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Coffeeberry + cvs

Botanical Name: Rhamnus californica
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Common buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum fasciculatum
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Concha wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Concha'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 9 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Coyote brush

Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 12 ft.

Creeping mountain lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Dark Star wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Dark Star'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Desert lavender

Botanical Name: Hyptis emoryi
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height:   Width:

Dourley manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos 'John Dourley'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Flannel bush

Botanical Name: Fremontodendron 'California Glory'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Fuchsia-flowered gooseberry

Botanical Name: Ribes speciosum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 6 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Golden Abundance barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis 'Golden Abundance'
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Golden currant

Botanical Name: Ribes aureum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Hollyleaf cherry

Botanical Name: Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 30 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 30 ft.

Incienso, Brittlebush

Botanical Name: Encelia farinosa
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Indian mallow

Botanical Name: Abutilon palmeri
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Island bush poppy

Botanical Name: Dendromecon harfordii
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Island snapdragon + cv

Botanical Name: Galvezia speciosa
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Jojoba, Goatnut

Botanical Name: Simmondsia chinensis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.

Lemonade berry

Botanical Name: Rhus integrifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 25 ft.   Width: 25 ft.

Lester Rowntree manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos 'Lester Rowntree'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Louis Edmunds manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos bakeri 'Louis Edmunds'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

McMinn manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos 'Howard McMinn'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Montara sagebrush

Botanical Name: Artemisia californica 'Montara'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Nevin’s barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis nevinii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 8 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Pink-flowering sumac

Botanical Name: Rhus lentii
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Pozo Blue sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Pozo Blue'
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Ray Hartman wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

Red flowering currant

Botanical Name: Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 12 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Redberry

Botanical Name: Rhamnus crocea
Plant Type: Shrub
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 8 ft.

Santa Cruz Island buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum arborescens
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Santa Rosa Island sage

Botanical Name: Salvia brandegeei
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Silver bush lupine

Botanical Name: Lupinus albifrons
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Small leaf mountain lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 5 ft. - 8 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Spice bush

Botanical Name: Calycanthus occidentalis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

St. Catherine’s lace

Botanical Name: Eriogonum giganteum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Sticky monkey flower

Botanical Name: Mimulus aurantiacus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Sugar bush

Botanical Name: Rhus ovata
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 ft. - 35 ft.   Width: 20 ft. - 25 ft.

Sunset manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos 'Sunset'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Toyon

Botanical Name: Heteromeles arbutifolia
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 25 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Western mountain mahogany

Botanical Name: Cercocarpus betuloides
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 10 ft. - 15 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 15 ft.

Western redbud

Botanical Name: Cercis occidentalis
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 15 ft. - 20 ft.   Width: 15 ft. - 20 ft.

White sage

Botanical Name: Salvia apiana
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Winifred Gilman sage

Botanical Name: Salvia clevelandii 'Winifred Gilman'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Woolly blue curls

Botanical Name: Trichostema lanatum
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Vines

California grape + cv

Botanical Name: Vitis californica
Plant Type: Vine, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 30 ft. - 40 ft.   Width: 30 ft. - 40 ft.

Chaparral clematis

Botanical Name: Clematis lasiantha
Plant Type: Vine
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Partial sun
Height: 12 ft. - 18 ft.   Width: 12 ft. - 18 ft.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Perennials

Beach aster, Seaside daisy + cvs

Botanical Name: Erigeron glaucus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun
Height: 10 in. - 12 in.   Width: 24 in.

California fuchsia

Botanical Name: Epilobium canum
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

California strawberry

Botanical Name: Fragaria vesca
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 2 in. - 8 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 6 ft.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Common thrift

Botanical Name: Armeria maritima
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 8 in.   Width: 10 in. - 12 in.

Common yarrow + cvs

Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Coral bells

Botanical Name: Heuchera cultivars
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

Desert mallow

Botanical Name: Sphaeralcea ambigua
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Desert Marigold

Botanical Name: Baileya multiradiata
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Desert Milkweed

Botanical Name: Asclepias subulata
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Desert mint

Botanical Name: Monardella odoratissima
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 1 ft.   Width: 3 ft.

Douglas iris + cvs

Botanical Name: Iris douglasiana
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Firecracker penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon eatonii
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Fragrant pitcher sage

Botanical Name: Lepechinia fragrans
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Grape soda lupine

Botanical Name: Lupinus excubitus
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 4 ft.

Hummingbird sage

Botanical Name: Salvia spathacea
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, Partial sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Island alum root

Botanical Name: Heuchera maxima
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Moderate shade
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Lilac verbena

Botanical Name: Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina'
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Margarita foothill penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon heterophyllus 'Margarita BOP'
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

Matilija poppy + cv

Botanical Name: Romneya coulteri
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 ft. - 10 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Narrow leaf milkweed

Botanical Name: Asclepias fascicularis
Plant Type: Perennial
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Red buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Saffron buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum crocatum
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 18 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Sandhill sage

Botanical Name: Artemisia pycnocephala
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 12 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

Scarlet bugler

Botanical Name: Penstemon centranthifolius
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Showy penstemon

Botanical Name: Penstemon spectabilis
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Silver carpet aster

Botanical Name: Lessingia filaginifolia 'Silver Carpet'
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Sulphur buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum umbellatum
Plant Type: Perennial, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 36 in.

Grasses, Rushes and Sedges

Alkalai sacaton

Botanical Name: Sporobolus airoides
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 4 ft.

Basket rush

Botanical Name: Juncus textilis
Plant Type: Grass, Rush, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 6 ft.

Berkeley sedge

Botanical Name: Carex divulsa
Plant Type: Grass, Sedge
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in.   Width: 18 in.

Blue grama

Botanical Name: Bouteloua gracilis
Plant Type: Grass
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 12 in.

California fescue

Botanical Name: Festuca californica
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Partial sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.

California gray rush

Botanical Name: Juncus patens
Plant Type: Grass, Rush, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 24 in.

California meadow sedge

Botanical Name: Carex pansa
Plant Type: Ground cover, Grass, Sedge, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 8 in. - 10 in.   Width: 12 in. - 24 in.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Deer grass

Botanical Name: Muhlenbergia rigens
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Purple needle grass

Botanical Name: Nassella pulchra
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 18 in. - 30 in.

Purple three-awn

Botanical Name: Aristida purpurea
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 24 in. - 30 in.

Western meadow sedge

Botanical Name: Carex praegracilis
Plant Type: Ground cover, Grass, Sedge, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 4
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 12 in. - 15 in.   Width: 12 in. - 15 in.

Wild rye

Botanical Name: Leymus condensatus 'Canyon Prince'
Plant Type: Grass, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 ft. - 5 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Agaves, Cacti, Dudleyas and Yuccas

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Dudleya species

Botanical Name: Dudleya
Plant Type: Succulent, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 18 in.   Width: 12 in. - 18 in.

Our Lord’s candle

Botanical Name: Hesperoyucca whipplei
Plant Type: Yucca, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft. - 4 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Ground Covers

Bee’s Bliss sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Bee's Bliss'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 5 ft.

Canyon Gray sagebrush

Botanical Name: Artemisia californica 'Canyon Gray'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 15 in. - 18 in.   Width: 8 ft. - 10 ft.

Carmel Sur manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Carmel Sur'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 18 in.   Width: 7 ft. - 10 ft.

Common lippia

Botanical Name: Phyla nodiflora
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 in. - 6 in.   Width:

Creeping barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis repens
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 30 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Evergreen currant

Botanical Name: Ribes viburnifolium
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 5 ft. - 7 ft.   Width: 5 ft. - 7 ft.

Hayes iva, Poverty weed

Botanical Name: Iva hayesiana
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 4 ft. - 5 ft.

Monterey Carpet manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Monterey Carpet'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade, All day sun
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.   Width: 8 ft. - 12 ft.

Mrs. Beard sage

Botanical Name: Salvia 'Mrs. Beard'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 4 ft. - 6 ft.

Oregon grape

Botanical Name: Berberis aquifolium 'Compacta'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Moderate 3
Exposure: Morning sun, Moderate shade
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 5 ft.

Pacific Mist manzanita

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos 'Pacific Mist'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 6 ft. - 10 ft.

Pigeon Point Coyote brush

Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis 'Pigeon Point'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 18 in. - 24 in.   Width: 6 ft. - 9 ft.

Point Sal purple sage

Botanical Name: Salvia leucophylla 'Point Sal Spreader'
Plant Type: Shrub, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 3 ft.   Width: 6 ft.

Silver carpet aster

Botanical Name: Lessingia filaginifolia 'Silver Carpet'
Plant Type: Ground cover, Perennial
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 4 in.   Width: 2 ft. - 3 ft.

Theodore Payne buckwheat

Botanical Name: Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Theodore Payne'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 1
Exposure: All day sun
Height: 6 in. - 12 in.   Width: 3 ft. - 6 ft.

Yankee Point wild lilac

Botanical Name: Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. griseus 'Yankee Point'
Plant Type: Shrub, Ground cover, Native
Water Needs: Low 2
Exposure: Morning sun, All day sun, Partial sun
Height: 2 ft. - 3 ft.   Width: 10 ft. - 12 ft.