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Queen victory agave is one of the most attractive agaves with its round shape and very tight and whorl-like foliage arrangement. It is a small clumping or solitary species, growing into a 1-2 ft. diameter rosette. Foliage is comprised of deep green sharply pointed leaves that have striking white accent lines on surfaces and margins. Mature plants produce showy yellow flowers on tall spikes 8-12 ft. tall during mid summer. This species dies after it flowers.

Queen Victoria agave is native to parts of central Mexico where it is now in danger of extinction. In contrast, it is widely cultivated to meet the demand for ornamental plantings in residential and commercial landscapes. It does best in sunny exposures on well-drained soils and with low amounts of summer water. A good plant for containers, small spaces and rock gardens that tolerates temperatures to 10°F.

Water Needs

Queen Victoria agave is well adapted to all parts of the Inland Empire in sunny exposures with normal winter rains and low amounts of summer irrigation. The chart shown below provides a recommended baseline guide to the monthly irrigation schedule and volume of supplemental water needed to maintain healthy growth throughout the average year. It should be noted there are several months indicated by an asterisk (*) when winter rains often provide sufficient moisture and irrigation is not needed. The high and low range of moisture indicates Queen Victoria agave can grow with varying amounts of water; little supplemental water is needed during summer.

Irrigation Schedule and Graph

Low Water Use Plants

Irrigation Schedule 1

  Jan* Feb* Mar* Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov* Dec*
Runs per Month 0x to 2x 0x to 2x 0x to 2x 1x 1x 1x 1x 1x 1x 1x 0x to 2x 0x to 2x
Inches per Run 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1"
Inches per Month 0" to 2" 0" to 2" 0" to 2" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 0" to 2" 0" to 2"

Range of supplemental summer water: 7"
Range of supplemental winter water: 0"-10"

  Jan* Feb* Mar* Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov* Dec*
For more information on how to use this Irrigation Schedule and Graph, follow this link.

For information how to calculate your irrigation system’s schedule and precipitation rate, please follow this link.

Plant Properties

Plant Type: Agave
Foliage Character: Evergreen
Habit: Symmetrical, Solitary, Rigid, Compact, Clumping
Growth Rate: Slow
Height: 1 ft. - 2 ft.
Width: 1 ft. - 2 ft.
Water Needs: Low 1
Foliage Color: Dull green
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Season: Summer, Insignificant
Soil Adaptations: Well-draining soil
Exposure Adaptations: Heat, Frost, Drought, Aridity, All day sun
Function: Rock gardens, Raised planters, Hummingbird plant, Grouped, Container plant, Borders


This is a very low maintenance plant. Queen Victoria Agave generally does not produce pups or offsets. It will survive in full sun, but will look best if protected from hot afternoon sun. After many years in the garden, it will produce a spectacular flower. After flowering the plant will die and need to be replaced (S).



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