Pomegranates are large deciduous shrubs or small trees that are widely known and often planted for their edible fruit. A variety of cultivars are available; some are compact, others have attractive flowers with no fruit, and others produce delicious edible fruit. Most have glossy medium green that turn bright yellow before winter. Fruit develop during the summer months and ripen to red during the fall.
Pomegranate is a tough and adaptable plant that is native across parts of northern Africa, the eastern Mediterranean as well as Iran and Afghanistan where it tolerates both heat and cold, and many soil types, including alkaline. Young plants can be clipped and hedged, and used in background areas for screening and fall foliage character. Mature plants can be pruned to expose twisting and gnarled trunks for sculptural and specimen value. All do well in raised planters, courtyards and in edible gardens throughout the Inland Empire.
Popular cultivars include: P. g. ‘Nana’, Dwarf pomegranate, is a compact cultivar, eventually growing 6-8 ft. tall, 5-6 ft. wide. Single flowers are deep red, fruit grows to 2 in. dia. and densely clustered leaves reach 1 in. long. P. g. ‘Tanyosho’ has double apricot colored flowers, grows 8-10 ft. tall and as wide and produces no fruit. P. g. ‘Wonderful’ grows to 10 ft. tall and as wide. It is the most popular choice for both commercial and garden fruit production. Single flowers are orange-red; fruit can reach 5-6 in. in dia.